Yooj yim rau phau ntawv chaw nkoj, yuav daws li cas

Thaum lub Cuaj Hlis 27, Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe nthuav qhia "Lub Ntiaj Teb Yida" tag nrho ntawm 100 TEUs ntawm cov khoom xa tawm tau nthuav tawm hauv Yiwu, Zhejiang, thiab maj nrawm mus rau Madrid, lub nroog ntawm Spain, 13,052 mais deb. Ib hnub tom qab, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tau ntim tag nrho nrog 50 lub thawv ntim khoom. Lub nkoj "Shanghai" tau caij nkoj los ntawm Minhang mus rau Hamburg, lub teb chaws Yelemees, uas yog ntau txhiab mais deb, ua cim kev ua tiav ntawm Shanghai-German China-Europe Express.

Qhov pib hnyav ua rau Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau tsis nres thaum hnub so National. Cov kws tshuaj xyuas lub tsheb ciav hlau tau nce ob npaug ntawm kev ua haujlwm ntawm "Thaum yav dhau los, txhua tus neeg tau tshuaj xyuas ntau dua 300 lub tsheb ib hmos, tab sis tam sim no tshuaj xyuas ntau dua 700 lub tsheb ib hmo." Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov tsheb ciav hlau qhib rau hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev sib kis thoob ntiaj teb tau ntaus cov ntaub ntawv siab nyob rau tib lub sijhawm.

Cov ntaub ntawv raug cai qhia tias txij lub Ib Hlis mus txog Lub Yim Hli xyoo no, Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe freight tsheb ciav hlau tau qhib tag nrho 10,052 lub tsheb ciav hlau, uas tau tshaj 10,000 tsheb ciav hlau ob lub hlis ua ntej xyoo tas los, thauj 967,000 TEUs, nce 32% thiab 40% xyoo-rau-xyoo, Feem ntau, thiab tag nrho cov thawv hnyav hnyav yog 97.9%.

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Nyob rau hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm tam sim no "nyuaj mus nrhiav ib lub thawv" hauv kev xa khoom thoob ntiaj teb thiab kev nce nqi ntawm kev thauj khoom, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tau muab cov tuam txhab lag luam txawv teb chaws xaiv ntau dua. Tab sis tib lub sijhawm, kev nthuav dav sai ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tseem tab tom ntsib ntau lub fwj.

Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express Express tau khiav tawm ntawm "kev nrawm" raws li kev sib kis

Chengyu cheeb tsam yog thawj lub nroog hauv lub tebchaws qhib lub tsheb ciav hlau Tuam Tshoj-Europe. Raws li cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm Chengdu International Railway Port Investment Development Group, txij lub Ib Hlis Ntuj txog Lub Yim Hli xyoo no, ze li ntawm 3,600 lub tsheb ciav hlau ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express (Chengyu) tau pib. Ntawm lawv, Chengdu tsis tu ncua ntxiv dag zog rau peb txoj kab tseem ceeb ntawm Lodz, Nuremberg thiab Tilburg, tsim kho "Tebchaws Europe" qauv kev ua haujlwm, thiab pib ua tiav tag nrho ntawm Tebchaws Europe.

Xyoo 2011, Chongqing tau qhib lub tsheb ciav hlau Hewlett-Packard, thiab tom qab ntawd ntau lub nroog thoob plaws lub tebchaws tau qhib cov tsheb ciav hlau mus rau Tebchaws Europe. Raws li lub Yim Hli 2018, cov naj npawb ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express Tsheb ciav hlau thoob plaws tebchaws tau ua tiav lub hom phiaj txhua xyoo ntawm 5,000 lub tsheb ciav hlau tau teeb tsa hauv Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express Train Construction thiab Development Plan (2016-2020) (tom qab no hu ua "Plan" ).

Txoj kev loj hlob sai ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express nyob rau lub sijhawm no tau txais txiaj ntsig los ntawm "Belt and Road" txoj kev pib thiab cov cheeb tsam hauv av tau nquag nrhiav los tsim kom muaj kev lag luam loj thoob ntiaj teb txuas nrog lub ntiaj teb sab nraud. Hauv yim xyoo los ntawm 2011 txog 2018, kev loj hlob txhua xyoo ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau tau tshaj 100%. Qhov feem ntau dhia ib qho yog xyoo 2014, nrog kev loj hlob ntawm 285%.

Qhov tshwm sim ntawm tus kab mob ntsws tshiab nyob rau xyoo 2020 yuav muaj kev cuam tshuam loj heev rau huab cua thiab kev thauj mus los hauv hiav txwv, thiab vim muaj kev cuam tshuam ntawm tshav dav hlau thiab chaw nres nkoj kaw, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tau dhau los ua ib qho kev txhawb nqa tseem ceeb rau cov saw hlau thoob ntiaj teb, thiab Tus naj npawb ntawm cov nroog qhib thiab qhib tau nce ntxiv.

Raws li cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm Tuam Tshoj Railway Group, nyob rau hauv 2020, tag nrho ntawm 12,400 Tuam Tshoj-Europe freight tsheb ciav hlau yuav qhib, thiab txhua xyoo cov tsheb ciav hlau yuav tshaj 10,000 thawj zaug, ib xyoo-rau-xyoo nce ntawm 50%; tag nrho ntawm 1.135 lab TEUs ntawm cov khoom tau raug thauj, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 56%, thiab cov thawv hnyav hnyav yuav ncav cuag 98.4%.

Nrog rau kev maj mam rov pib ua haujlwm thiab kev tsim khoom thoob ntiaj teb, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog txij li thaum pib ntawm lub xyoo no, qhov kev thov rau kev thauj mus los thoob ntiaj teb tau nce siab heev, qhov chaw nres nkoj yog congested, thiab ib lub thawv yog ib qho nyuaj rau nrhiav, thiab tus nqi shipping kuj tau nce sharply. .

Raws li tus neeg saib xyuas mus sij hawm ntev hauv kev xa khoom thoob ntiaj teb, Chen Yang, tus thawj coj ntawm Xinde Maritime Network, tus kws tshaj lij cov ntaub ntawv kev sib tham hauv lub platform, hais rau CBN tias txij li ib nrab xyoo 2020, qhov kev nruj ntawm lub thawv ntim khoom. tsis tau txhim kho qhov tseem ceeb, thiab tus nqi thauj khoom xyoo no tseem muaj ntau dua. Teem ib daim ntawv siab. Txawm hais tias nws hloov pauv, tus nqi thauj khoom los ntawm Asia mus rau Asmeskas Sab Hnub Poob tseem tseem ntau dua kaum npaug ntau dua ua ntej muaj kev sib kis. Nws tau kwv yees kwv yees tias qhov xwm txheej no yuav txuas ntxiv mus txog xyoo 2022, thiab qee tus kws tshuaj ntsuam txawm ntseeg tias nws yuav txuas ntxiv mus txog xyoo 2023. "Qhov kev pom zoo ntawm kev lag luam yog tias lub fwj ntawm lub thawv ntim khoom yog qhov tsis muaj kev cia siab rau xyoo no."

Tuam Tshoj Securities Investment tseem ntseeg tias lub caij nyoog siab tshaj plaws rau kev sib sau ua ke yuav raug ncua mus rau cov ntaub ntawv. Raws li kev cuam tshuam ntawm ntau yam xwm txheej ntawm kev sib kis, kev kub ntxhov hauv lub ntiaj teb cov saw hlau tau hnyav zuj zus, thiab tseem tsis muaj kev txhim kho hauv kev sib raug zoo ntawm cov khoom siv thiab kev xav tau. Txawm hais tias cov tuam txhab me me tshiab txuas ntxiv mus koom nrog kev ua lag luam Pacific, tag nrho cov peev txheej ntawm kev ua lag luam tseem nyob ib puag ncig 550,000 TEUs ib lub lis piam, uas tsis muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau kev txhim kho kev sib raug zoo ntawm kev muab khoom thiab kev thov. Thaum muaj kev sib kis, qhov chaw nres nkoj kev tswj hwm thiab kev tswj xyuas cov nkoj hu tau raug kho dua tshiab, uas tau ua rau lub sijhawm qeeb qeeb thiab qhov tsis sib xws ntawm kev xa khoom thiab kev thov. Cov qauv kev lag luam unilateral tshwm sim los ntawm qhov tsis txaus ntseeg hnyav ntawm cov khoom siv thiab kev thov yuav txuas ntxiv mus ntev.

Ua raws li kev xav tau ntawm kev lag luam txuas ntxiv yog "kev nrawm" ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau khiav tawm ntawm kev sib kis. Cov ntaub ntawv raug cai qhia tias txij li xyoo no, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau nkag mus thiab tawm hauv lub tebchaws los ntawm Manzhouli Railway Chaw nres nkoj tau tshaj 3,000 lub cim. Piv nrog rau xyoo tas los, 3,000 lub tsheb ciav hlau tau ua tiav ze li ob lub hlis dhau los, uas qhia txog kev txhim kho thiab kev loj hlob sai.

Raws li Tuam Tshoj-Europe Railway Express Data Report tau tshaj tawm los ntawm State Railway Administration, nyob rau hauv thawj ib nrab ntawm lub xyoo no, lub peev xwm ntawm peb txoj kev loj loj tau txhim kho ntxiv. Ntawm lawv, Western Corridor qhib 3,810 kab, nce 51% xyoo-rau-xyoo; Eastern Corridor qhib 2,282 kab, nce 41% xyoo-rau-xyoo; Cov channel qhib 1285 kab, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 27%.

Raws li kev nruj ntawm kev xa khoom thoob ntiaj teb thiab kev nce ceev ntawm cov nqi thauj khoom, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tau muab cov kev pabcuam ntxiv rau cov tuam txhab lag luam txawv teb chaws.

Chen Zheng, tus thawj coj ntawm Shanghai Xinlianfang Ntshuam thiab Export Co., Ltd., tau hais rau Tuam Tshoj Kev Lag Luam Xov Xwm tias lub sijhawm thauj mus los ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tam sim no tau compressed txog li 2 lub lis piam. Tus nqi thauj khoom tshwj xeeb txawv nyob ntawm tus neeg sawv cev, thiab 40-foot thawv freight quote tam sim no Txog 11,000 US las, tam sim no shipping thawv freight tau nce mus txog ze li ntawm 20,000 US las, yog li cov tuam txhab siv Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express, lawv muaj peev xwm. txuag cov nqi rau qee qhov, thiab tib lub sijhawm, kev thauj mus los ncua sij hawm tsis yog qhov phem.

Txij lub Yim Hli mus txog Lub Cuaj Hli xyoo no, ntau yam khoom Christmas tsis tuaj yeem xa tawm raws sijhawm vim "ib lub thawv nyuaj nrhiav". Qiu Xuemei, tus thawj coj ntawm kev muag khoom ntawm Dongyang Weijule Arts & Crafts Co., Ltd., ib zaug hais rau Tuam Tshoj Kev Lag Luam Xov Xwm tias lawv tab tom txiav txim siab xa qee yam khoom mus rau Russia lossis Middle Eastern lub teb chaws los ntawm hiav txwv mus rau hauv av thauj mus los rau kev xa tawm.

Txawm li cas los xij, kev loj hlob sai ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tseem tsis txaus los tsim lwm txoj hauv kev thauj khoom hiav txwv.

Chen Zheng tau hais tias kev thauj mus los thoob ntiaj teb tseem yog kev thauj mus los hauv hiav txwv, suav txog li 80%, thiab kev thauj mus los hauv huab cua suav txog 10% txog 20%. Qhov kev faib ua feem thiab ntim ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe nthuav qhia tsheb ciav hlau yog qhov txwv, thiab cov kev daws teeb meem ntxiv tuaj yeem muab tau, tab sis nws tsis yog qhov hloov pauv rau hiav txwv lossis huab cua. Yog li ntawd, lub cim tseem ceeb ntawm kev qhib lub Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express Train yog ntau dua.

Raws li cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm Ministry of Transport, xyoo 2020, lub thawv hla ntawm cov chaw nres nkoj hiav txwv yuav yog 230 lab TEUs, thaum Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau yuav nqa 1.135 lab TEUs. Txij thaum Lub Ib Hlis Ntuj mus txog Lub Yim Hli xyoo no, lub thawv hla ntawm cov chaw nres nkoj ntug dej hiav txwv thoob plaws lub tebchaws yog 160 lab TEUs, thaum tag nrho cov thawv xa los ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe tsheb ciav hlau nyob rau tib lub sijhawm tsuas yog 964,000 TEUs.

Yang Jie, tus thawj coj ntawm International Express Service Center ntawm Tuam Tshoj kev sib txuas lus thiab kev thauj mus los Association, kuj ntseeg hais tias txawm hais tias Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tuaj yeem hloov tau tsuas yog ib qho khoom siv xwb, lub luag haujlwm ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express yuav tsis muaj kev ntseeg ntxiv.

Tuam Tshoj-Europe kev lag luam ua kom sov ua rau muaj koob meej ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express

Qhov tseeb, tam sim no muaj koob meej ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsis yog ib qho xwm txheej ib ntus, thiab vim li cas tom qab nws tsis yog vim kev thauj khoom hiav txwv skyrocketing.

"Qhov zoo ntawm Tuam Tshoj tus qauv ob lub voj voog yog thawj zaug pom hauv nws txoj kev lag luam thiab kev lag luam nrog European Union." Wei Jianguo, yav dhau los tus lwm thawj coj ntawm Ministry of Commerce thiab tus lwm thawj ntawm Tuam Tshoj Center for International Economic Exchange, hais tias los ntawm kev xav ntawm kev lag luam kev sib raug zoo, xyoo no 1 ~ Lub yim hli ntuj, Tuam Tshoj-EU kev lag luam yog 528.9 billion US dollars, ib nce ntawm 32.4%, ntawm uas kuv lub teb chaws exports yog 322.55 billion US dollars, nce ntawm 32.4%, thiab kuv lub teb chaws cov imports yog 206.35 billion US dollars, nce 32.3%.

Wei Jianguo ntseeg tias xyoo no EU yuav muaj feem ntau dhau ASEAN dua thiab rov qab mus rau Tuam Tshoj txoj kev lag luam loj tshaj plaws. Qhov no kuj txhais tau hais tias Tuam Tshoj thiab EU yuav dhau los ua ib tus neeg ua lag luam loj tshaj plaws, thiab "Tuam Tshoj-EU kev lag luam thiab kev lag luam kev sib raug zoo yuav coj mus rau yav tom ntej zoo."

Txawm hais tias Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe freight tsheb ciav hlau tam sim no nqa ib feem tsawg ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe kev lag luam thiab kev lag luam, nws kwv yees tias Tuam Tshoj-EU kev lag luam yuav ntau tshaj 700 billion US dollars, thiab nrog ceev ceev ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe freight tsheb ciav hlau, nws yuav yog. muaj peev xwm nqa tau 40-50 billion US dollars hauv kev thauj mus los thoob ntiaj teb ntawm cov khoom. Lub peev xwm loj heev.

Nws yog tsim nyog hais tias ntau lub teb chaws tau them nyiaj ntau dua rau Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express los txhim kho kev ua haujlwm ntawm kev lis kev cai clearance. "Cov chaw nres nkoj ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express yog qhov zoo dua li cov tebchaws United States thiab ASEAN hais txog kev decongestion thiab tuav tuav. Qhov no tso cai rau Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express los ua lub luag haujlwm ua tus commando hauv Sino-European kev lag luam. " Wei Jianguo hais tias, “Txawm hais tias nws tseem tsis txaus. Lub zog tseem ceeb, tab sis ua lub luag haujlwm zoo heev ua tus tawm tsam. "

kuj muaj kev xav zoo txog lub tuam txhab no. Alice, tus thawj coj thauj khoom ntawm Youhe (Yiwu) Trading Co., Ltd., tau hais rau CBN tias ib lub tuam txhab uas tau xa tawm mus rau Tebchaws Meskas kuj tau nce nws cov khoom xa tawm mus rau Tebchaws Europe xyoo no, nrog rau kev nce ntawm 50% mus rau Teb chaws Europe. Qhov no tau ntxiv dag zog rau lawv cov kev saib xyuas rau Tuam Tshoj-Europe Railway Express.

Los ntawm qhov kev xav ntawm cov khoom thauj, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tau nthuav dav los ntawm thawj lub laptop thiab lwm yam khoom siv hluav taws xob rau ntau tshaj 50,000 yam khoom xws li tsheb qhov chaw thiab tsheb, tshuaj, tshuab thiab khoom siv, e-commerce parcels, thiab kho mob. khoom siv. Tus nqi thauj khoom txhua xyoo ntawm cov tsheb ciav hlau thauj khoom tau nce los ntawm 8 billion US las hauv 2016 mus txog ze li 56 billion US las hauv 2020, nce ze li ntawm 7 npaug.

Qhov xwm txheej "khoom ntim khoob" ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau tseem tab tom txhim kho: thawj ib nrab xyoo 2021, qhov rov qab mus rau qhov piv txwv tau mus txog 85%, qib zoo tshaj plaws hauv keeb kwm.

Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express "Shanghai", uas tau pib rau lub Cuaj Hlis 28, yuav muab tag nrho cov kev ua si rau lub luag haujlwm ntawm kev xa rov qab tsheb ciav hlau hauv kev txhawb nqa kev xa khoom. Thaum nruab nrab Lub Kaum Hli, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express "Shanghai" yuav rov qab mus rau Shanghai los ntawm Tebchaws Europe. Cov khoom pov thawj xws li lub suab, lub tsheb loj loj qhov chaw nyob, thiab cov khoom siv hluav taws xob sib nqus sib nqus yuav nkag mus rau hauv lub tebchaws los ntawm kev tsheb ciav hlau los koom rau hauv 4th CIIE. Tom ntej no, nws tseem yuav ua kom zoo dua ntawm kev thauj mus los los qhia txog cov khoom lag luam muaj txiaj ntsig zoo xws li cawv txiv hmab, khoom kim heev, thiab cov cuab yeej siv siab kawg rau Suav lag luam los ntawm kev hla kev hla ciam teb.

Raws li ib qho ntawm cov tuam txhab platform nrog cov kab ua tiav tshaj plaws, feem ntau cov chaw nres nkoj, thiab cov phiaj xwm raug tshaj plaws los ua kom tiav cov kev lag luam hauv Suav teb-Europe freight tsheb ciav hlau ua haujlwm platform, Yixinou yog tib lub tuam txhab ntiag tug tuav hauv kev lag luam nrog kev lag luam sib faib. 12% ntawm tag nrho cov khoom xa tuaj hauv lub tebchaws. Nws tseem yog xyoo no tau txais kev nce siab hauv cov tsheb ciav hlau rov qab thiab cov nqi thauj khoom.

Txij Lub Ib Hlis Ntuj Tim 1 txog Lub Kaum Hli Ntuj Tim 1, 2021, Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe (Yixin Europe) Express Yiwu platform tau nthuav tawm tag nrho 1,004 tsheb ciav hlau, thiab tag nrho ntawm 82,800 TEU tau xa khoom, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 57.7%. Ntawm lawv, tag nrho ntawm 770 lub tsheb ciav hlau sab nrauv tau xa tawm, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 23.8%, thiab tag nrho ntawm 234 lub tsheb ciav hlau raug xa mus, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 1413.9%.

Raws li kev txheeb cais ntawm Yiwu Kev lis kev cai, txij lub Ib Hlis mus txog Lub Yim Hli xyoo no, Yiwu Kev lis kev cai tau saib xyuas thiab dhau ntawm "Yixin Europe" Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau ntshuam thiab xa tawm tus nqi ntawm 21.41 billion yuan, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 82.2%, ntawm cov khoom xa tawm yog 17.41 billion yuan, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 50.6%, thiab kev xa tawm yog 4.0 billion yuan. Yuan, ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 1955.8%.

Thaum Lub Yim Hli 19, 3,000 lub tsheb ciav hlau ntawm "Yixinou" tsheb ciav hlau ntawm Yiwu platform tau tawm mus. Lub platform tus neeg teb xov tooj Yiwu Tianmeng Industrial Investment Co., Ltd. tau tshaj tawm daim nqi tsheb ciav hlau ntau qhov kev thauj mus los, pom zoo rau "railway multimodal thauj daim nqi ntawm lading materialization". Cov tuam txhab lag luam siv daim ntawv teev npe ua pov thawj kom tau txais "cov nyiaj qiv" lossis "cov nyiaj qiv" los ntawm lub txhab nyiaj. “Qhia qiv nyiaj. Qhov no yog keeb kwm tawg nyob rau hauv kev lag luam innovation ntawm "railway multimodal thauj daim nqi ntawm lading materialization", kos lub official landing ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express "railway multimodal thauj daim nqi ntawm lading materialization" daim nqi ntawm lading muab thiab bank credit lag luam.

Wang Jinqiu, tus thawj coj ntawm Shanghai Oriental Silk Road Intermodal Transport Co., Ltd., tau hais tias Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express "Shanghai" tsis muaj tsoomfwv cov nyiaj pab thiab yog nqa tag nrho los ntawm cov tuam txhab lag luam ua lag luam. Nrog kev txo qis ntawm cov nyiaj pab rau Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsheb ciav hlau, Shanghai tseem yuav tshawb nrhiav txoj hauv kev tshiab.

Infrastructure tau dhau los ua lub hauv paus tseem ceeb

Txawm hais tias Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express Express tab tom nthuav qhia kev loj hlob tawg, nws tseem ntsib ntau yam teeb meem.

Congestion tsis tsuas yog tshwm sim nyob rau hauv cov chaw nres nkoj ntug hiav txwv dej, tab sis ib tug loj tus naj npawb ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe freight tsheb ciav hlau sib sau ua ke, uas ua rau muaj kev ntxhov siab heev rau cov chaw nres tsheb ciav hlau, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov chaw nres tsheb ciav hlau.

Lub tsheb ciav hlau Tuam Tshoj-Europe tau muab faib ua peb ntu: Sab Hnub Poob, Central, thiab Sab Hnub Tuaj, hla Alashankou thiab Horgos hauv Xinjiang, Erlianhot hauv Inner Mongolia, thiab Manzhouli hauv Heilongjiang. Ntxiv mus, vim qhov tsis sib xws ntawm cov qauv kev tsheb ciav hlau nruab nrab ntawm Tuam Tshoj thiab CIS lub teb chaws, cov tsheb ciav hlau yuav tsum hla ntawm no los hloov lawv txoj kev.

Xyoo 1937, Lub Koom Haum International Railway Association tau tsim ib txoj cai: qhov ntsuas ntawm 1435 hli yog qhov ntsuas tus qauv, qhov ntsuas ntawm 1520 hli lossis ntau dua yog qhov ntsuas dav, thiab qhov ntsuas ntawm 1067 hli lossis tsawg dua yog suav tias yog qhov ntsuas nqaim. Feem ntau lub teb chaws hauv ntiaj teb, xws li Tuam Tshoj thiab Western Europe, siv cov ntsuas ntsuas, tab sis Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Russia thiab lwm lub tebchaws CIS siv dav dav. Yog li ntawd, cov tsheb ciav hlau khiav ntawm "Pan-Eurasian Railway Main Line" tsis tuaj yeem ua "Eurasian los ntawm kev tsheb ciav hlau."

Ib tug neeg muaj feem cuam tshuam los ntawm lub tuam txhab tsheb ciav hlau tau qhia tias vim qhov chaw nres nkoj congestion, thaum Lub Xya Hli thiab Lub Yim Hli xyoo no, National Railway Group tau txo cov tsheb ciav hlau Tuam Tshoj-Tebchaws Europe ua haujlwm los ntawm ntau lub tuam txhab tsheb ciav hlau.

Vim muaj kev kub ntxhov, kev ncua sij hawm ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express kuj raug txwv. Ib tug neeg saib xyuas ntawm lub tuam tsev logistics ntawm lub tuam txhab tau hais rau CBN tias lub tuam txhab yav dhau los tau xa qee qhov chaw thiab cov khoom siv los ntawm Tebchaws Europe los ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express, tab sis vim tias lub sijhawm ua haujlwm siab dua tam sim no, Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express tsis tuaj yeem ua tau raws li qhov yuav tsum tau ua. kev xav tau thiab pauv qhov no ntawm cov khoom mus rau huab cua import. .

Wang Guowen, tus thawj coj ntawm lub koom haum ntawm Logistics thiab Supply Chain Management ntawm Tuam Tshoj (Shenzhen) Comprehensive Development Research Institute, hais rau CBN tias tam sim no lub fwj dej nyob rau hauv infrastructure. Raws li Tuam Tshoj muaj kev txhawj xeeb, nws yog qhov zoo los qhib 100,000 tsheb ciav hlau hauv ib xyoos. Qhov teeb meem yog hloov txoj kev. Los ntawm Tuam Tshoj mus rau Russia, tus txheej txheem khiav yuav tsum tau hloov mus rau ib tug dav khiav, thiab los ntawm Russia mus rau cov teb chaws Europe, nws yuav tsum tau hloov los ntawm ib tug dav txoj kev mus rau ib tug qauv khiav. Ob txoj kev hloov pauv tau ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam loj heev. Qhov no suav nrog kev daws teeb meem ntawm kev hloov tsheb ciav hlau thiab chaw nres tsheb.

Ib tus kws tshawb fawb loj hauv kev lag luam tau hais tias qhov tsis muaj Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express kev tsim kho vaj tse, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog lub teb chaws railway infrastructure raws kab, tau ua rau tsis txaus ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express txoj kev thauj mus los.

Lub "Planning" kuj tseem npaj siab los txhawb kev sib koom ua ke ntawm Eurasian railway txoj kev npaj nrog rau cov teb chaws raws li Tuam Tshoj-Europe railway kab, thiab mus tsis tu ncua kev tsim kho ntawm txawv teb chaws railways. Ua kom nrawm nrawm ntawm kev kawm ua ntej ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Kyrgyzstan-Ukraine thiab Tuam Tshoj-Pakistan railway project. Cov Mongolian thiab Lavxias txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau zoo siab txais tos los txhim kho thiab kho cov kab qub qub, txhim kho qhov chaw nres tsheb thiab txhawb cov chaw thiab cov khoom siv ntawm cov chaw nres tsheb ciam teb thiab rov thauj cov chaw nres tsheb raws txoj kab, thiab txhawb kev sib txuam thiab kev sib txuas ntawm cov peev txheej ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Russia. - Mongolia txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau.

Txawm li cas los xij, nws nyuaj rau kev sib piv cov peev txheej kev tsim kho txawv teb chaws nrog Tuam Tshoj. Yog li ntawd, Wang Guowen tau hais tias qhov kev daws teeb meem yog los siv zog rau txhua qhov chaw nres nkoj coj mus rau hauv txoj kev thiab hloov lem hauv Suav teb. Nrog rau Tuam Tshoj txoj kev tsim kho vaj tse muaj peev xwm, lub peev xwm hloov lem tuaj yeem txhim kho tau zoo.

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, Wang Guowen kuj tau hais tias thawj txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau hauv cheeb tsam yuav tsum tau ua kom muaj zog, xws li kev tsim kho cov choj thiab qhov tunnels, thiab kev qhia txog cov thawv ntim ob lub lawj. "Nyob rau hauv xyoo tas los no, peb tau them nyiaj ntau rau cov neeg caij tsheb thauj mus los, tab sis cov khoom thauj khoom thauj tsis tau txhim kho zoo heev. Yog li ntawd, los ntawm kev kho dua tshiab ntawm cov choj thiab cov tunnels, kev thauj mus los tau nce ntxiv, thiab kev cia siab ntawm kev lag luam ntawm kev ua haujlwm tsheb ciav hlau tau txhim kho. "

Lub hauv paus tseem ceeb ntawm National Railway Group kuj tau hais tias txij li xyoo no, kev ua tiav ntawm Alashankou, Horgos, Erenhot, Manzhouli thiab lwm qhov chaw nres nkoj nthuav dav thiab hloov pauv tau ua haujlwm tau zoo txhim kho cov peev txheej sab hauv thiab sab nrauv ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express. Txij lub Ib Hlis mus txog Lub Yim Hli xyoo no, 5125, 1766, thiab 3139 tsheb ciav hlau tau qhib nyob rau sab hnub poob, Central, thiab Eastern Corridor ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Railway, uas sawv cev rau ib xyoos ib zaug nce ntawm 37%, 15%, thiab 35% feem. .

Tsis tas li ntawd, lub rooj sib tham thib xya ntawm Tuam Tshoj-Europe Railway Freight Transport Joint Working Group tau tuav lub Cuaj Hlis 9 los ntawm kev sib tham video. Lub rooj sib tham tau tshuaj xyuas "China-Europe Express Train Schedule Preparation and Cooperation Measures (Tsim)" thiab "Tuam Tshoj-Europe Express Train Transportation Plan Pom Zoo Measures" cov qauv. Txhua tog tau pom zoo kos npe, thiab ntxiv dag zog rau lub peev xwm ntawm lub koom haum kev thauj mus los hauv tsev thiab txawv teb chaws.

(Source: China Business News)

 


Post lub sij hawm: Oct-21-2021